Skulls of criminals, 19th century

Skulls of criminals, 19th century

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Caption: Skulls of criminals. 19th-century illustration of the skulls of two criminals. At top left is a brigand named Gasparone (who died aged 88), with anatomical views of his skull at upper right and across centre. The skull shown across bottom is that of a 35-year-old thief, said to resemble the skull of a Neanderthal. This illustration is from 'L'Homme Criminel', a French edition of 'L'Uomo Delinquente' (1876) by Italian criminologist and physician Cesare Lombroso (1835-1909). Considered the father of criminology, his work was based on physiognomy, anthropology, and evolutionary theory (atavism). His now-discredited theory (also rejected by many at the time) was that criminality was inherited and that criminals could be identified by physical traits.

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Keywords: 1800s, 1876, 19th century, adult, anthropological, artwork, black-and-white, book, brigand, caucasian, cesare lombroso, cranium, crime, criminal, criminal anthropology, criminal man, criminals, criminology, european, french, gasparone, historical, history, illustration, inherited criminality, italian, l'homme criminel, l'uomo delinquente, male, man, monochrome, page, phrenology, physiognomy, publication, skull, skulls, theory

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