Molecular graphics of morphine molecule

Molecular graphics of morphine molecule

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Caption: Computer graphics representation of the atomic backbone of two molecules of morphine, a narcotic analgesic; the one at right has been rotated through 90 degrees. The isolation of morphine in the early years of the 19th century, from opium extracted from the poppy Papaver somniferum, marked the beginnings of modern pharmacy. Opium is one of the oldest known effective drugs, with its use as a pain-killer documented in ancient Egypt. The establishment of morphine's alkaline nature prompted chemists to search for other alkaline substances in plants, which they termed alkaloids. In 1819 the alkaloid quinine was extracted from the bark of the chinchona tree.

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Keywords: alkaloid, analgesic, biochemistry biochemical, chemical, chemistry, compound compounds, computer model, drug molecule, molecules, morphine, narcotic analgesic, opiate, pharmaceutical, pharmaceutics

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