James Simpson (1811-1870). Scottish physician and obstetrician Sir James Young Simpson, 1st Baronet. Simpson was the first person to use anaesthetics on women giving birth. He first used ether during a difficult labour on 19th January 1847. In November 1847 he began using chloroform instead of ether. Simpson published a pamphlet, 'Account of a New Anaesthetic Agent' (1847), but opponents claimed that painful labour was a biological and religious necessity. In 1853, Queen Victoria used chloroform during childbirth. Simpson was made a baronet in 1866.
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