Credit: SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY MOTION

Caption: Animation of the electrolysis of water. Electrolysis is the use of an electric current to split apart chemical compounds. The voltage causes the accumulation of negatively-charged electrons on the anode (left), which attracts hydrogen ions (H+) from the water. These combine with electrons to form neutral hydrogen atoms (H), which quickly combine to form diatomic hydrogen (H2), which bubbles off as a gas. The opposite process occurs at the cathode (right). Negatively-charged hydroxide ions (OH-) from the water are attracted to the positive electrode, where they give up an electron each to the electrode, completing the electrical circuit. Four neutral OH groups then interact to form two molecules of water and one of oxygen gas (O2), which bubbles off. As water (H20) contains twice as many hydrogen atoms as it does oxygen atoms, twice as much hydrogen gas is produced. This is seen later in the animation, where test tubes collect the gases produced.

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Electrolysis of water

K007/1181 Rights Managed

Downloadable master

Duration: 00:00:35.02

Frame size: 1920x1080

Frame rate: 24

Audio: No

Format: QuickTime, Photo JPEG 100%, progressive scan, square pixels

File size: 657.7M

Original

Capture format: QuickTime Animation

Codec: Apple ProRes 4444

Please contact Science Photo Library if you require the original, or other formats.

 

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