Compass rose from Catalan Atlas, 14th century

Compass rose from Catalan Atlas, 14th century

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Credit: LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, Geography and Map Division/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Caption: Compass rose from Catalan Atlas, 14th century. North is at bottom. This compass rose is thought to be the first to be depicted on a map. A compass rose depicts the cardinal directions (north, south, east, west), with four intermediate points also shown here. The 6-page Catalan Atlas (1375) was produced on vellum by the Jewish cartographer Abraham Cresques. It was commissioned by the rulers of the Kingdom of Aragon (north-eastern Spain). This compass rose is from a map showing Europe, North Africa, and the Near East (see C010/9769). The text is in Catalan. This version is a facsimile (exact reproduction) produced in 1959 by the Spanish scholars Joan Vernet and David Romano. This facsimile page has been illuminated by hand in colour and gold leaf.

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Keywords: 1300s, 1375, 14th century, 1900s, 1959, 1st, 20th century, abraham cresques, artwork, cardinal points, cartographic, cartography, catalan, catalan atlas, catalonia, colour, compass rose, david romano, east, european, facsimile, first, geographical, geography, gold leaf, historical, history, illuminated, illustration, jewish, mapamondi, mappa mundi, mediaeval, medieval, middle ages, nautical, navigation, navigational, no-one, nobody, north, north-east, north-west, northeast, northwest, portolan chart, reproduction, rhumb lines, south, south-east, south-west, southeast, southwest, spain, spanish, west

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