Stage II prostate cancer. Illustration of part of the male reproductive system in vertical section from the side, showing stage II prostate cancer. Stage II is where the tumour is found only in the prostate, and it can be felt during a rectal examination. By the later stages, the cancer has spread to other organs (bladder and rectum). Prostate cancer is most prevalent in men over 50 years of age. Treatment is with hormone therapy, chemotherapy, or surgical removal of the prostate. If the cancer can be treated early, the prognosis is better than if it has started to spread. For a series of images showing the stages of prostate cancer, see C038/6170 to C038/6174.
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