Persian Anatomical Illustration

Persian Anatomical Illustration

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Caption: This anonymous Persian anatomical illustration (Iran or Pakistan, ca. 1680-1750) depicts a pregnant woman. She holds back a flap of abdominal skin to expose the gravid uterus. Surrounding the figure are portrayals of individual organs: at the top, two hearts; lower right, the lungs; something unidentified in lower left (labeled the opening of the vagina). The artistic conventions employed in the production of this illustration indicate Western India as a place of production. The 16th- to 18th-century European convention of picturing partially dissected bodies as if they were alive, often offering up parts of their own body for further inspection, can be seen here transferred to the Indian subcontinent. The anatomy of the exposed organs reflects indigenous Indian concepts as well as some medieval Galenic anatomy. This is one of six anonymous anatomical drawings on folia 554-559 at the end of a volume containing Tibb al-Akbar (Akbar's Medicine) by Muhammad Akbar, known as Muhammad.

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Keywords: anatomical, anatomical illustration, anatomy, art, arts, female, historical, illustration, medical, persian, pregnancy, pregnant, science, woman

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