Historical Anatomical Illustration

Historical Anatomical Illustration

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Credit: SCIENCE SOURCE/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Caption: Artwork from Jacopo Berengario da Carpi's textbook, Isagogae breves, perlucidae ac uberrimae, in anatomiam humani corporis a communi medicorum academia usitatem (known in English as A Short Introduction to Anatomy), published 1523. Jacopo Berengario da Carpi (ca. 1460-ca. 1530), also known as Jacobus Berengarius Carpensis, Jacopo Barigazzi, or simply Carpus devoted a great deal of his time to anatomy and prided himself on having dissected several hundred bodies. In matters of anatomy, Berengario was devoted to the texts and theories of Mondino dei Luzzi (d. 1326), also known as Mundinus, who relied on Arab physicians for most of his observations, supplemented by a few dissections. Carpus' first illustrated work was Commentaria cum amplissimis additionibus super anatomiam Mundini, a commentary on Mondino's Anatomia, published in Bologna in 1521. In 1522 and 1523, Berengario released his Isagogae breves, a compendium intended to replace Mondino's work, which it far outshined. Unlike the 1522 edition, the illustrations from the 1523 edition (featured here) have an extra four illustrations of the heart and two of the brain, with some variations in the woodcuts showing the muscles.

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