SHEILA TERRY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY SHEILA TERRY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Kamchatka settlement. Artwork of an Itelmen village in Kamchatka, in the Russian Far East, consisting of summer dwellings built on stilts, occupied for up to three months of the year, and a communal subterranean winter dwelling. Such a dug-out dwelling offered protection from the arctic winds during the lengthy winters. The Itelmen were mainly river fishermen and gatherers. They are amongst the most ancient peoples of the North, with evidence of their presence dating back more than 5,000 years. Their culture collapsed during the 18th century due to an invasion by the Cossacks. Artwork from the 1913 edition of Prehistoric Times (Sir John Lubbock).
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