SPUTNIK / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY SPUTNIK / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Korolyov during Vostok 1 launch, speaking into a radio microphone. Soviet rocket engineer Sergey Korolyov (1907-1966) was the chief Soviet rocket designer in the 1950s and 1960s during the space race. He worked on the Vostok and Voskhod spacecraft programs. During the solo Vostok 1 mission, which took place on 12 April 1961, Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin (1934-1968) orbited the Earth once, becoming the first human in space. Photographed at the Baikonur launch site in Kazakhstan, on 12 April 1961.
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