GARY HINCKS / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY GARY HINCKS / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Geological map of Iceland. Map of Iceland showing a number of geological features including glaciers (white) and eruptive fissures (magenta lines). Iceland lies on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, the spreading boundary between the North American and Eurasian plates, and has been formed by successive eruptions of volcanic rock. The map is colour-coded according to when the volcanic rock was laid down; Holocene sediments (yellow), late Quaternary (pink), late Tertiary-early Quarternary (turquoise) and Tertiary (grey/blue).
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