LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, GEOGRAPHY AND MAP DIVISION / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, GEOGRAPHY AND MAP DIVISION / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Spanish Armada, Battle of Gravelines. Tenth in a sequence of narrative maps showing the story of the Spanish Armada, an attempted invasion of England by a Spanish fleet in 1588. This map shows the decisive battle (upper right) between the English fleet (red) and the much larger Spanish fleet (black) off Gravelines, France, on 8 August 1588. After this battle, the Armada fled northwards. This series of eleven maps was drawn by Robert Adams, engraved by Augustine Ryther, and published in London in 1590. They were dedicated to the English admiral Lord Howard, who described the events shown, and they include both his coat of arms and those of Queen Elizabeth I. The prevailing wind direction is shown next to the compass rose.
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