ROYAL INSTITUTION OF GREAT BRITAIN / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY ROYAL INSTITUTION OF GREAT BRITAIN / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Isambard Kingdom Brunel (1806-1859), English civil engineer. He was educated first by his father Marc, then later at Caen and Paris. He was apprenticed to the clock maker Breguet, but after completing his apprenticeship in 1822 returned to London. In 1825, Brunel helped his father to construct the first tunnel under the Thames in London, England. In 1830, he won the competition for a design for the Clifton Suspension Bridge in Bristol, England, his first independent work. In 1833, he was appointed engineer of the Great Western Railway (GWR). He designed and built the broad guage GWR railway track between London and southwest England, including many viaducts and tunnels. He later designed huge steam ships capable of crossing the Atlantic, amongst which were the Great Britain, the Great Western, and the Great Eastern.
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