NOAA / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY NOAA / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
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West Mata underwater volcano. Altimetric map of the bed of the northeast Lau Basin in the south Pacific Ocean showing the West Mata volcano. West Mata was discovered in May 2009 and is the deepest erupting volcano yet discovered. It lies 4000 feet (1.2 kilometres) below the surface of the Pacific Ocean, in an area bounded by Fiji, Tonga and Samoa. Altimetric maps show the relative heights/depths of geographic features, here it shows the shape of the sea floor.
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