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31.8 x 47.5 cm ⏐ 12.5 x 18.7 in (300dpi)
PAUL D STEWART / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY PAUL D STEWART / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Robert Boyle, anglo-irish chemist, physicist and inventor. One of the founders of The Royal Society. Born 25th January 1627- died 31 December 1691. 18th Century copperplate engraving after William Fathom's engraved portrait of Boyle. Boyle's famous 1659 vacuum air pump is in the background. Together with Robert Hooke, Boyle used the pump to investigate and develop what is now known as Boyles law: pV = k (that the volume of a gas varies inversely to the pressure of the gas where k and temperature are constant). Boyle's work marks the beginning of modern chemistry. Following Bacon's principles (though never avowedly a Baconian) he established the experimental method. He dismissed Aristotle's theory of four elements, instead favouring a more correct interpretation that matter comprised corpuscles which were built of different configurations of primary particles that could not be reduced.
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