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Whale harpooning, Norway, 19th century artwork. The whale (right) has surfaced and is exhaling (spout) through its blow-hole. This whale hunt is taking place in the Arctic Ocean, north of Norway. New technologies, such as steam power, and new weapons, such as explosive harpoons and harpoons fired from cannons like this one, allowed increased hunting of whales in the late 19th century. The whales were hunted for their oil and blubber (fat layer), which was used to make soaps, cosmetics and other commercial products. Artwork from the second volume (second period of 1888) of the French popular science weekly 'La Science Illustree'.
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