SPUTNIK / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY SPUTNIK / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
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Mikhail Petrovich Chumakov (1909-1993), Soviet microbiologist and virologist. Chumakov organised multiple expeditions across the USSR in the 1940s to investigate outbreaks of new viruses. He was awarded the Stalin Prize in 1941 for his work that helped isolated the virus that causes tick-borne encephalitis (TBE). He was director of the Poliomyelitis Institute from 1955. In the period 1958 to 1959 he developed the first polio vaccine and organised its mass production. He was a corresponding (1948) and then full (1960) member of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences. Photographed in Moscow, Russia, in 1959.
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