GEORGE BERNARD / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY GEORGE BERNARD / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Macrobian world map, 1550 reprint of a world map published in 420 AD by the Roman philosopher Macrobius (395-423 AD). Macrobius depicted the world divided into five distinct climate zones; northern frigid zone, northern temperate zone (most of Europe and Asia), an uninhabited equatorial zone which includes a 'boiling sea' (Alveus Oceani), a temperate southern zone and finally a frigid southern zone. Microbian maps followed the theory that northern and southern hemisphere landmasses should exist to balance the world.
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