LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, GEOGRAPHY AND MAP DIVISION / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, GEOGRAPHY AND MAP DIVISION / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Second Byrd Antarctic Expedition, historical map. This expedition took place between 1933 and 1935, and followed an earlier expedition from 1928 to 1930. It was led by the US polar explorer and naval officer Richard Evelyn Byrd (1888-1957, depicted at upper right). On these, and later expeditions, Byrd used ships, aeroplanes and dog sleds to establish Antarctic bases. The Byrd expeditions laid the foundations for Operation Highjump, during World War II, and the later Operation Deep Freeze that established permanent bases in Antarctica in the 1950s. The inset at upper left shows the routes taken from the USA and New Zealand. The inset at lower right shows the Bay of Whales and the Ross Ice Shelf.
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