LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, GEOGRAPHY AND MAP DIVISION / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, GEOGRAPHY AND MAP DIVISION / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Published in Amsterdam, this is a 1690 edition of a 1658 map by the Dutch cartographer Nicolaes Visscher (1649- 1702). It shows the expanding exploration of the known world. The map divides the Earth into a western and eastern hemisphere. At upper and lower centre are the northern and southern polar regions. Antarctica had not yet been discovered, nor had Alaska and eastern Siberia been mapped. The artworks show classical scenes meant to evoke the four Aristotlean elements of Air (Zeus, upper right), Earth (Demeter, lower right), Water (Poseidon, lower left), and Fire (the rape of Persephone, upper left).
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