SHEILA TERRY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY SHEILA TERRY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Sardinia cartouche. Detail from the map of Sardinia contained in the Gallery of Maps in the Vatican Museums. Sardinia is an Italian island in the Mediterranean sea. The Gallery of Maps holds maps which were commissioned between 1578 and 1580 to show the regions of Italy and territories of the church. The maps are based on the work of Ignazio Danti, a 16th century Italian priest, mathematician, astronomer and cosmographer, and are an important record of 16th century geography. The map scale on the ship's sail appears to indicate up to 4000 standard Roman paces, in 200-pace division, which would be equivalent to 4 miles (6.4 kilometres) in total.
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