ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Apianus's world map. This world map is from the 1564 (Antwerp) edition of Cosmographia, a work originally published in 1524 by the German astronomer Petrus Apianus (1495-1552). Mythical figures representing the winds and twelve compass points adorn the borders, with two human figures at top, one on an eagle (left), and one wearing imperial regalia (right). The map is labelled in Latin. The equator and tropics are marked. South America had been discovered by Europeans at this time, but North America is largely unmapped, as is the Far East and Australia. In Africa, the Nile and Great Lakes are shown.
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