JEAN-LOUP CHARMET / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY JEAN-LOUP CHARMET / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Earthquake damage. Three-dimensional illustration of earthquake damage in a city during the 18th century. The frightened population are trying to run away over the uneven ground but some people are trapped in buildings or under falling masonry. Earthquakes are caused when sections of the earth move against each other to relieve stress. At the time there was no scientific explanation for earthquakes and they were thought to be the result of divine intervention. Illustration of the earthquake that struck Lisbon, capital city of Portugal, in 1755. Beside the damage caused by the tremors themselves, large parts of the city were destroyed by fire and a tidal wave.
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