JEAN-LOUP CHARMET / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY JEAN-LOUP CHARMET / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Earthquake damage. Engraving of earthquake damage in a city and the effect of the tremors on the sea during the 18th century. In the foreground are large waves which are tossing ships about. In the background are collapsing buildings and outbreaks of fire. Earthquakes are caused when sections of the earth move against each other to relieve stress. At the time there was no scientific explanation for earthquakes and they were thought to be the result of divine intervention. Artwork of the earthquake that struck Lisbon, Portugal, in 1755. Beside the damage caused by the tremors themselves, large parts of the city were destroyed by fire and a tidal wave.
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