RENATE JOPE / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY RENATE JOPE / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Eruption of the Sakurajima volcano in Kagoshima Bay on the Japanese island of Kyushu in 1988. Grey smoke belches from Sakurajima's crater, renowned as one of the most active volcanos in the world. It has had thousands of small explosive eruptions since the first recorded one in A.D. 708. Many deaths occurred as a result of eruptions in 1476 and 1779, but sufficient warning kept fatalities to just a few people following the giant eruption of 1914, which produced 0.6 cubic kilometres of ash and 1.6 cubic kilometres of thick lava flows.
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