DAVID HARDY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY DAVID HARDY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Illustration showing the eruption of a fissure in Heimaey, Iceland. This eruption took place in 1973, when a 2 kilometer long fissure opened on the south-west flank of the cone. Cinders and ash soon covered the fishing port of Heimaey, its 5000 inhabitants having been evacuated. Once the eruption had ceased, the inhabitants returned to rebuild the port. The town's hospital is heated using steam generated by the cooling lava.
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