DAVID HARDY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY DAVID HARDY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Illustration showing the possible shape of Santorini before and after the eruption of 1470BC. Santorini is an island in the Aegean Sea, about 100 km north of Crete. Positioned near a destructive plate margin, the island probably looked like the frame at left, with a central large volcano. This volcano suffered a catastrophic caldera collapse in 1470 BC, similar to but much larger than the explosion of Krakatau in Indonesia in 1883. All that is left today is a small ring of islands. It is possible that a Minoan city state on the island, destroyed in the eruption, was the basis for the legend of Atlantis.
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