NASA / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY NASA / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Krakatau. Landsat 7 satellite image in infrared and visible light of Krakatau volcano (bottommost island), in the Sunda Strait, Indonesia. Water is blue, vegetation is green, bare land is pink and clouds are white. A massive eruption of Krakatau in August 1883 destroyed two-thirds of the 9 kilometre long island. The explosion was heard over 4000 kilometres away and is considered the loudest sound in recorded history. Over 36,000 people were killed and 163 villages destroyed, mainly by tsunamis that hit the surrounding coastlines of Sumatra (upper right) and Java (lower right). A young volcano (purple structures in centre of 3 islands), called Anak Krakatau (child of Krakatau), has formed from the ruins of Krakatau.
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