DR JUERG ALEAN / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY DR JUERG ALEAN / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Lava entering the sea at night. Night-time glow and clouds of steam produced by lava entering the sea on the coast of a volcanic island. Lava is molten rock that rises from beneath the Earth's surface. It is hot enough to glow red and vaporise water, turning it instantly to steam. Eventually, the sea water will cool the lava, and new volcanic rock will form. If the rate of eruption of lava is greater than the rate of erosion by the sea, then the island will grow in size. This lava flow is from the Kilauea volcano on the Pacific island of Hawaii. The Hawaiian islands are volcanic in origin, composed of the rock produced by successive volcanic eruptions.
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