LAURENT ORLUC / EURELIOS / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY LAURENT ORLUC / EURELIOS / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Liang Bua cave, Flores, Indonesia. Remains of Homo floresiensis were found in this cave in 2003. Homo floresiensis was a very small hominid, measuring just over a metre tall and having a very small brain. It is thought that it was a descendant of Homo erectus that underwent island dwarfism, a process where isolated species that lack predators and are constrained by limited resources evolve to become smaller. It is thought to have become extinct 12,000 years ago, and so co-existed with modern humans (Homo sapiens).
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