SHEILA TERRY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY SHEILA TERRY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Taung Child skull. Artwork, from 1931, showing the appearance and size (scale in millimetres) of the fossil skull discovered by Dart in Taung, South Africa, in 1924. It is thought to be the skull of a three-year-old. The specimen is classified as Australopithecus africanus. Dart considered it to be an early hominid (somewhere between an ape and a human), while Sir Arthur Keith proposed that it was the skull of a young ape. Australopithecus was eventually classified as an early hominid. A. africanus dates to 3 to 2.4 million years ago. Its brain was about the size of that of a chimpanzee. A human brain is much larger. Artwork from New Discoveries relating to The Antiquity of Man (Sir Arthur Keith, 1931).
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