PASCAL GOETGHELUCK / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY PASCAL GOETGHELUCK / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Java man cranium. Fossilised cranium of the skull of Java man (Homo erectus, formerly Pithecanthropus erectus). This specimen was discovered in Southeast Asia. H. erectus was the most wide ranging of the hominids with the exception of modern humans. The finds from Africa and Europe are sometimes considered to be different species (H. ergaster and H. heidelbergensis respectively). H. erectus lived from around 1.6-0.3 million years ago. It had a larger brain, around 900 cubic centimetres in volume, than many of its predecessors, although this was still much smaller than modern humans' 1350cc brains.
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