SHEILA TERRY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY SHEILA TERRY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Homo erectus skull. Artwork, from 1931, showing a reconstruction of the skull of Java Man, based on the fossil skull fragments (dark grey) discovered by Dubois in Java in 1891. At the time of this reconstruction, the specimen was classified as Pithecanthropus erectus. It is now known as Homo erectus, and is considered a direct ancestor of modern humans, dating to 1-2 million years ago. The main difference was in the size of the brain, which was significantly smaller than the brain of modern humans. Reconstruction published in 1928 by Weinart. Artwork from New Discoveries relating to The Antiquity of Man (Sir Arthur Keith, 1931). For scale bars comparing the skull to the dimensions of a modern human skull, see E438/133.
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