SHEILA TERRY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY SHEILA TERRY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Java Man reconstruction. Reconstruction of the head of Java Man (Pithecanthropus erectus), later renamed Homo erectus. Reconstructions of Java Man are based on hominid fossil remains, including a skull cap and complete femur (thighbone), found in 1898 during excavations lead by Eugene Dubois (1858-1940). They were found in sedimentary deposits at a bend of the Solo river in Central Java, Indonesia. Homo erectus is the most widespread and longest-surviving of all the fossil hominids. Its geographical spread included north and east Africa, Europe, Indonesia and China. It lived between 1 and 2 million years ago. Artwork from The Outline of Science (J. Arthur Thomson, 1922).
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