LIONEL BRET / EURELIOS / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY LIONEL BRET / EURELIOS / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Homo floresiensis and Homo sapiens. Artwork of a Homo sapiens (right) watching a group of Homo floresiensis next to a river. H. floresiensis is thought to have become extinct 12,000 years ago, and so co-existed with modern humans (Homo sapiens). It was a small hominid, measuring just over a metre tall and with a very small brain. It is thought that it was a descendant of H. erectus that underwent island dwarfism, a process where isolated species that lack predators and are constrained by limited resources evolve to become smaller. Remains of H. floresiensis were found in 2003 at the Liang Bua cave on the island of Flores, Indonesia.
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