PAUL AVIS / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY PAUL AVIS / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Paviland Cave, or Goat's Hole, on Wales' Gower Peninsula, site of the discovery of the Red Lady of Paviland skeleton. This was one of the most significant finds in archaeology. The Red Lady is a complete human skeleton adorned with jewellery and covered in red ochre. It was found in 1823 by the palaeontologist Reverend William Buckland (1784-1856). Buckland took the jewellery as evidence that the skeleton was female, and as he took the Bible as truth, believed the remains to be no older than the Flood. He was later proved wrong on both counts: the remains are of a young man of around 21, dated to some 28,000 years ago, in the early stone age (palaeolithic). This makes it the oldest known ceremonial burial site in western Europe.
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