PHILIPPE PLAILLY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY PHILIPPE PLAILLY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Mummified horse. Scientists P. Lazarev (at left) and G. Pacaud study the head and neck of a pre- historic horse, Equus sp. It is well-preserved, with skin and mane hair intact; hair around the lips and eye can be seen. The researchers are removing a sample of tissue. The mummified state of tissue like this is due to the horse being deep frozen in permafrost. It is 26,000 years old, discovered in 1981 in Yakutia, Russia. It is not known whether this horse is of the same species as modern day horses. Such well-preserved remains enable DNA to be extracted, and diet, diseases and lifestyle of the horse to be determined.
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