PASQUALE SORRENTINO / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY PASQUALE SORRENTINO / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Human skeleton at Caral. Archaeologist uncovering a human skeleton discovered on top of a pyramid in the sacred city of Caral, Peru. Caral, located in Peru's coastal desert region, was one of the urban centres of the Caral Supe civilisation, a pre-Hispanic culture that dates from the period 3000-1600 BC. The site was discovered in 1905, but it was not until 2001 that it was realised that it was up to 5000 years old, making it the earliest known South American civilisation. The Caral site includes the remains of pyramids, temples, houses, and an amphitheatre.
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