PASQUALE SORRENTINO / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY PASQUALE SORRENTINO / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Villa of the Papyri, Herculaneum, Italy. This house, seen here partially excavated, was owned by Julius Caesar's father-in-law, Lucius Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus. It gets its name from a library found within it that contained 1800 papyrus scrolls, carbonised and preserved by volcanic ash. The ancient town of Herculaneum was destroyed in the eruption of the volcano Vesuvius in 79 AD. However, the thick layer of volcanic ash that buried the town preserved buildings, bodies and other artefacts.
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