RICH TREPTOW / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY RICH TREPTOW / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Cadmium (atomic number: 48, symbol: cd) is a soft, malleable, ductile, bluish-white metal. It is highly toxic and is mainly produced as a by-product from mining, smelting, and refining sulfide ores of zinc, lead, and copper. Cadmium is used in batteries, pigments, coatings, plating, and as stabilizers for plastics. The United States produces about 1,100 tons of cadmium and consumes about 1,300 tons.
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