AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
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Fermi, Heisenberg and Pauli. Group portrait of the physicists, from left to right, Enrico Fermi (1901-1954), Werner Heisenberg (1901-1976) and Wolfgang Pauli (1900-1958). They were all awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics, in 1938, 1932 and 1945 respectively. Fermi created the reactor in which the first self-sustaining nuclear reaction took place. Heisenberg devised the Uncertainty Principle (the position and momentum of a particle can never be known at the same time). Pauli's Exclusion Principle explains atomic properties.
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