BRATTAIN COLLECTION / AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY BRATTAIN COLLECTION / AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
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Bardeen, Schottky and Brattain. Group portrait of the physicists (from left to right) John Bardeen (1908-1991), Walter Schottky (1886-1976) and Walter Brattain (1902-1987). Bardeen and Brattain shared the 1956 Nobel Prize for Physics for the invention of the point-contact transistor. This allowed the creation of smaller and smaller electronic components. Schottky worked on semiconductors, and discovered the superheterodyne principle, which is used in receivers in radios and televisions.
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