SCIENCE, INDUSTRY & BUSINESS LIBRARY / NEW YORK PUBLIC LIBRARY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY SCIENCE, INDUSTRY & BUSINESS LIBRARY / NEW YORK PUBLIC LIBRARY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Manfred von Richthofen (1892-1918), or the Red Baron, German fighter pilot who won 80 air combats during World War I. Richthofen (centre) is standing with members of Jasta 11, or the Flying Circus. Richthofen achieved his first air victory on 17 September 1916. On January 12th 1917, he was awarded the Orden Pour le Merite (Blue Max) for reaching 18 victories. Around this time he decided to paint parts of his aircraft red to help identify himself to his allies. Richthofen was shot down over France in April 1918, aged 25, and was succeeded by Hermann Goring, who went on to become the head of the Luftwaffe.
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