EMILIO SEGRE VISUAL ARCHIVES / AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY EMILIO SEGRE VISUAL ARCHIVES / AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
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Bardeen, Shockley and Brattain (left to right), US physicists. These three shared the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1956 for their invention of the transistor. Transistors are solid state switches found in nearly every electronic component today. They invented the transistor in 1947 while working at Bell Telephone Laboratory (Bell Labs). Bardeen (1908-1991) later won the 1972 Nobel Prize for Physics for his work on superconductivity, becoming the only man to receive the award twice.
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