A. BARRINGTON BROWN, © GONVILLE & CAIUS COLLEGE / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY A. BARRINGTON BROWN, © GONVILLE & CAIUS COLLEGE / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
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Watson and Crick, discoverers of the structure of DNA. James Watson (b.1928, right) and Francis Crick (1916-2004), shortly after working out the structure of the DNA molecule in 1953. Watson and Crick met at the Cavendish Laboratory, Cambridge, in 1951. Their work on DNA was performed with a knowledge of Chargaff's ratios of the bases in DNA and access to the X-ray crystallography of Maurice Wilkins and Rosalind Franklin at King's College London. Combining this knowledge led to the deduction that DNA exists as a double helix. Crick, Watson and Wilkins shared the 1962 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine, Franklin having died in 1958.
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