SPUTNIK / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY SPUTNIK / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Sergey Pavlovich Korolev (left, 1907-1966), and Boris Sheremetyev, Soviet rocket engineers. Korolev, who had worked on rockets in the 1930s, was the head rocket engineer and designer for the Soviet Union's space programme, working on Sputnik 1 (1957), the first artificial satellite and Vostok 1 (1961), which carried the first man into space. Korolev's awards included two Hero of Socialist Labour medals, and three Orders of Lenin. Photographed in Russia, in 1963.
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