SHEILA TERRY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY SHEILA TERRY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Legend of Archimedes and the lever, historical artwork. Archimedes of Syracuse (c. 287-212 BC), Greek mathematician, physicist and engineer, is regarded as one of the greatest scientists of antiquity. He is famous for his claim that given a lever, he could move the Earth. This principle of multiplying the force applied by using a lever was, according to legend, used by him to move a ship. The story says that Archimedes (lower right, red), watched by King Hiero of Syracuse (purple robes), used a system of levers and pulleys to move and launch a ship when all others had failed.
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