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Sir Joseph Banks. Portrait of English botanist and explorer Sir Joseph Banks (1743-1820), who discov- ered hundreds of new species during his 1768 trip around the world with the explorer James Cook. Banks was wealthy enough to indulge a passionate interest in biology. His trip to Australia with Cook led to the discovery of 1400 plants never before classified - many of which were put in the new genus Banksia - and the naming of Botany Bay. Banks returned to England a celebrity. In 1778 he was elected President of the Royal Society, an office he held for 41 years. He is also credited with introducing tea to India, breadfruit to the Caribbean, and founding Kew Gardens in London, UK.
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