JOHN DAUGHERTY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY JOHN DAUGHERTY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Clara Bartons Civil War work began in April of 1861. After the Battle of Bull Run, she established an agency to obtain and distribute supplies to wounded soldiers. In July 1862, she obtained permission to travel behind the lines, eventually reaching some of the grimmest battlefields of the war and serving during the sieges of Petersburg and Richmond. Barton delivered aid to soldiers of both the North and South. After the war, she became a popular and widely respected lecturer. In 1881 she established the American Red Cross, and served as its director until her death.
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