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Richard Evelyn Byrd (1888-1958), American polar explorer and aviation pioneer. Byrd commanded the naval flying unit attached to Donald MacMillan's expedition to Greenland in 1925. On May 9th 1926, Byrd and co-pilot Floyd Bennett possibly became the first people to fly over the North Pole, although their claim is controversial. In 1928, Byrd commanded his first mission to the Antarctic and in 1929, with 3 others, made the first flight over the South Pole. Byrd organised several further visits to Antarctica and explored vast areas of land; his discoveries included the Edsel Ford mountain range and Marie Byrd Land, which he named after his wife.
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